HTTP Status 201 (Created)

HTTP Status 201 indicates that as a result of HTTP POST request, one or more new resources have been successfully created on the server.

1. HTTP Headers

The response may contain URI in Location header field in HTTP headers list, which can have reference to the newly created resource.

Also, the response payload also may include an entity containing a list of resource characteristics and location(s) from which the user or user agent can choose the one most appropriate.

The entity format is specified by the media type given in the Content-Type header field.

The origin server MUST create the resource before returning the 201 status code. If the action cannot be carried out immediately, the server SHOULD respond with 202 (Accepted) response instead.

2. Lost update problem

HTTP 201 response MAY contain an ETag response header field indicating the current value of the entity tag for the requested variant just created.

ETag header field can be used in later conditional requests to prevent the “lost update” problem.

Lost update problem happens when multiple people edit a resource without knowledge of each others’ changes.

In this scenario, the last person to update a resource “wins”, and previous updates are lost. ETags can be used in combination with the If-Match header to let the server decide if a resource should be updated. If ETag does not match then server informs the client via a 412 (Precondition Failed) response.

Reference: 201 (Created)

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